Water Environmental Monitoring and Simulation
in There Gorges Reservoir Region(WEMST)
News Detail

Guide of the "International Workshop for Inland Water Monitoring and Simulation and Development of W



“三峡库区水环境监测与模拟” 国际科技合作基地于2018年10月22-25日召开以“水环境监测与模拟暨西南大学国家级国合基地的发展”为主题的国际研讨会,于10月24日上午8:30在西南大学35教(资源环境大楼)215室举行研讨会开幕式。会议邀请到国内外水文科学方面的专家,包括曾兼任国际水资源协会(IWRA) 主席的夏军院士、陈求稳、David HamiltonMike McKay等进行最新成果方面的相关报告,同时将成立“国合基地专家委员会”、进行“国合基地年度交流学术会”,以及建立“重庆水污染监测与模拟联合研发中心”相关事宜。此次会议将加强国家级国合基地的建设,促进国内外学术交流,并提升三峡库区水资源管理的理论和实践。

Conference Introduction

The National Base of International Science and Technology Collaboration on Water Environmental Monitoring and Simulation in Three Gorges Reservoir Region (WEMST) will hold an international workshop with the theme of "Inland Water Monitoring and Simulation and Development of WEMST" from October 22 to 25, 2018. The workshop will take place from 8:30 a.m. in Room 215 of 35 Teaching (Resources and Environment Building) of Southwest University on October 24, 2018.

Experts in hydrology domestic and abroad, including academician Xia Jun, who also served as chairman of the International Water Resources Association (IWRA), and Drs. David Hamilton, Chen Qiuwen, Mike McKay etc., are all invited to report on the latest achievements. At the same time, the Scientific Committee for WEMST and an Academic Meeting of WEMST, and a joint research and Development Center for water pollution monitoring and Simulation in Chongqing will be established.

The workshop will strengthen the construction of WEMST, promote academic exchanges at home and abroad, and enhance the theory and practice of water resources management in the Three Gorges reservoir area and abroad.




开会时间:上午8:30-12: 00;下午 14:00-17: 30

用餐时间:早餐 7:30-8:10 午餐 12:00 晚餐 18:00




General Assembly notes           

Representatives are expected to carefully read the Conference Guide, and attend the meeting on time.

The meeting is held on 22-25 October 2018.

Oct 22 (Field trip): Leave Southwest University at 8:00 am, and arrive Yunyang in the afternoon, followed by a boat cruise of Pengxi River and Modao River.

Oct 23 (Field trip): Leave Yunyang at 8:00 am, and visit Fuling during the day. Then, return to Southwest University in the afternoon.

Otc 24 (Opening ceremony): 8:30 am; Room 215 of 35th Teaching Building of Southwest University (College of Resources and Environment).

Oct 25 (Meeting continued): 8:30 am; Room 201 of 35th Teaching Building of Southwest University (College of Resources and Environment).

Meeting time:   Morning: 8:30-12: 00;     Afternoon: 14:00-17: 30

Dining Time:    Breakfast 7:30-8:10;        Lunch 12:30;         Dinner 18:00

Since the weather changes, please dress accordingly.

Be careful and do not forget your portable items.

If you have any other requests, please contact with Dr. lei zhang.

Tell: 135946019051.



Conference Schedule

October 24 Morning

Opening Ceremony (Chair Lei Zhang主持人张磊)

8:30    谢德体教授致欢迎辞

Welcome and Introductions, Prof.   Deti Xie       

8:40    西南大学周常勇副校长致辞

Remark of Dr. Changyong Zhou, Vice President of Southwest University

8:50    温莎大学理学部部长Houser博士讲话

Remark of Dr. Houser, Dean of Faculty of Science, University of Windsor

9:00    长江水利委员会水文上游局熊中福主任致辞

Remark of Dr. Zhongfu Xiong, Director of the Upstream Hydrology Bureau of Changjiang Water Conservancy Commission

9:10    颁发国家级国合基地学术委员会委员聘书

Issue Letters of Appointment to the Scientific Committee

9:20      学术委员会代表讲话

Remark of the representative of Scientific Committee

9:30     拍照   Group picture

9:50     Plenary talk by Academician Jun Xia; Chaired by Dr. Michael McKay

      夏军院士全体会议报告, Michael McKay博士主持

10:30   茶歇 / Coffee break

Chaired by Dr. Hucai Zhang主持人张虎才博士)

11:00   Plenary talk by Dr. David Hamilton

Evidence-based science to support policy actions for effective

            David Hamilton博士,以证据为基础的科学来有效地支持政策行动

Descriptive Session

11:40   Dr. Lei Zhang Relationships among algal bloom, water quality and

            Pcirculation in tributaries of Three Gorges Reservoir

          张磊博士 三峡库区支流水华与水质和磷素循环的关系

12:00   午餐 / Lunch

October 24 Afternoon

Chaired by Dr. Catherine Moore (主持人 Catherine Moore 博士)

14:00   Plenary talk by Dr. Qiuwen Chen

            Challenges of algal bloom mitigation in Lake Taihu and future perspectives


14:40 Dr. Rosanne Van Duijn, Microfluidics for automated environmental monitoring

            Rosanne Van Duijn博士,用于自动环境监测的微流体

15:00   Dr. Yanmin Zhao, Sediment quality criteria of heavy metals in Dongting Lake

            based on SLC approach


15:20   茶歇 / Coffee break  

Chaired by Dr. Houser(主持人Houser博士)

15:50   Plenary talk Dr. Xinping Chen, title TBD


16:30   Dr. Ashly Macqueen, Case studies on environmental water in the Murray

            Darling Basin

             Ashly Macqueen 博士,墨累-达令盆地环境水实例研究

16:50   Dr. Yingqun Ma, Impact of reservoir operation on phosphorus fractions in water-particulate phases in the Three Gorges Reservoir


Chaired by Dr. Qiuwen Chen(主持人 陈求稳博士)

17:10   Dr. Xingzhong Yuan, title TBD


17:30 Dr. Huatang Deng, Fishery development and environmental protection of Three Gorges Reservoir


17:50   休会 / 晚餐      Adjournment / Dinner         

October 25 Morning

Chaired by Dr. Paul Weidman(主持人Paul Weidman博士

8:30     Plenary talk by Mike McKay, Lake Erie: Resource at Risk

Mike McKay博士,伊利湖: 危机中的资源

9:10      Dr. Daobin Ji, Hydrodynamics and environmental effects of the cascade reservoirs on the Yangtze River


9:30     Dr. Zhengjian Yang, title TBD


Predictive Session

Chaired by Dr. Yanwen Qin(主持人 秦延文博士)

9:50     Dr. Catherine Moore, Simpler but not simple: bottom line complexity for

            environmental modelling

            Catherine Moore 博士,简化但不简单:环境模型的底限复杂性

10:10   Dr. Zhaowei Liu, Modelling the impact of hydraulic turbulence on algae

            competition in river-lake system


10:30   茶歇 / Coffee break

10:50   Plenary talk by Dr. Hucai Zhang, Plateau lakes- their evolution, ecological status and the water security.


Chaired by Dr. Yingqun Ma主持人马迎群博士)

11:30   Ms. Manorama Thapa, RUSLE Modeling in soil Erosion

            Thapa Manorama女士,运用修正流失方程预测土壤流失

11:50   Dr. Mathew Knowling, A tool for rapid nitrate-loading optimization under uncertainty and decision support

           Mathew Knowling博士,不确定和决策系统里快速判断硝酸盐优化排放的工具

12:10   午餐 / Lunch

Solution Session

14:00   Dr. Paul Weidman, Understanding and Managing the Impacts of

            Multiple Stressors on Great Lakes Ecosystems.

            Paul Weidman 博士,理解和管理多重胁迫对大湖生态系统的影响。

WEMST series


Chaired by Dr. Mathew Knowling(主持人Mathew Knowling博士)

14:20   Miss Jiakun Liu, title TBD


14:35   Mr. Xiaoxu Niu, title TBD


14:50   Miss Bingyuan Tan, title TBD


15:05   Mr. Pengfei Hu title TBD


15:20   茶歇 / Coffee break

Discussion SessionChaired by Dr. Lei Zhang

15:50   1st Topic: Principles & Arrangement of WEMST, Chaired by Drs. Paul

            Weidman & Hucai Zhang,  


16:20 2nd Topic: Does environmental issues in TGR need more/less funding for

            research since the environment has been improved/ deteriorated? Chaired by Dr. Ashly Macqueen & Daobin Ji

           讨论主题2: 三峡库区水环境问题是否已得到缓解或更恶化?是否需要国


16:50   3rd Topic: How to achieve win-win cooperation between WEMST and its

            partners? Chaired by Drs. Catherine Moore & Zhaowei Liu


17:20   Summary of discussions/讨论总结

17:50   休会 / 晚餐     Adjournment / Dinner

List of participants


Christopher Wellen
(University of Windsor)

Michael Siu
(University of Windsor)

Chris Houser
(University of Windsor)

Mike McKay
(University of Windsor)

Paul Weidman
(University of Windsor)

Catherine MooreGNS Science

Mathew KnowlingGNS Science

Prakasham Reddy Shetty
(Indian Institute of Chemical Technology,Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)

Venkata Mohan
(Indian Institute of Chemical Technology,Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)

Rosanne Van Duijn
(Deakin University)

Ashly Macqueen
(Deakin University.)

David Hamilton
(Griffith University)

夏军(Jun Xia)
Chinese Academy of Sciences,Wuhan University

周维( Wei Zhou)
The State Council Three Gorges Project Construction Committee, P.R. China
刘德富(Defu Liu
(Hubei University of Technology
Zhengjian Yang
(Hubei University of Technology

李一平(Yiping Li
(Hohai University

陈求稳(Qiuwen Chen
中科院生态中心(Research Centre for Eco-Environment Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences 13601058747qchen@rcees.ac.cn
周怀东(Huaidong Zhou)
水利部水科所(Department of water environment, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research)13601219866hdzhou@iwhr.com
邓华堂(Huatang Deng)
(Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences)

张虎才(Hucai Zhang)
Yunnan University

秦延文(Yanwen Qin)
Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences
马迎群(Yingqun Ma)
副研究员(Associate Prof.)
Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences

赵艳民(Yanmin Zhao)
副研究员(Associate Prof.)
Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences

( Chaonan Han)
Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences

刘昭伟(Zhaowei Liu)
副教授(Associate Prof.)
(Tsinghua University)

谌书(Shu Chen)
(Southwest University of Science and Technology)

纪道斌(Daobin Ji)
副教授(Associate Prof.)
(The Three Gorges College)

Zhongfu Xiong
(Upper Reaches Hydrological Breau
吕平毓(Pingyu Lv
副总工(Assistant Chief Engineer)
(Upper Reaches Hydrological Breau
袁兴中(Xingzhong Yuan)
重庆大学(Chongqing University)138960392661072000659@qq.com
谢德体( Deti Xie)
Southwest University
张磊(Lei Zhang)
副教授(Associate Prof.
Southwest University
陈新平(Xinping Chen)
Southwest University

何丙辉(Binghui He)
Southwest University

Participants’ Introduction

Jun Xia

Prof. Jun Xia is the member of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), and Chair Professor & Director, The Research Institute for Water Security (RIWS), Wuhan University, also Director, Center for Water Resources Research (CWRR), CAS and also Distinguished Professor, Key Lab. of Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Processes, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). He has ample experiences on leading hydrology, water resources research, managing and consulting jobs in China and international activities since 1987. He was severed as the President of International Water Resources Association (IWRA, 2009-2012), Board Governor of World Water Council (WWC, 2009-2015), and Co-Chair, InterAcademy Council for Water Programme (IAC-WP) and so on. Honor Vice President, International Association of Hydrologic Sciences (IAHS), and Chair, Working Group on Representation of Developing Countries (WGRDC) for IAHS since 2014. He was awarded 2014s International Hydrological Prize -Volker Medal, given by IAHS, UNESCO and WMO on April 24, 2014, and also awarded 2017 State Natural Science Award in China.

Huaidong Zhou

Prof. Zhou is the Chief Expert of National Water Project Three Gorges Project, Senior Engineer, and the member of China Water Quality Committee. He served as Director of the Water Environment Institute of China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research and Director of China Water Environment Research Institute.

Wei Zhou

Prof. Wei Zhou is the Former inspector and deputy director   of the Three Gorges Office of the State Council. He is the special professor of the Institute of Geography of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, lecturer of the Chongqing Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, visiting professor of Southwest University and expert in the Ministry of Science and Technology. He has been engaged in water environment management and ecological environment monitoring and management for a long time.

Qiuwen Chen

Prof. Chen is the member of State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry, Research Center for Eco-environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 18 Shuang-qing Road, Beijing 100085, China. He was awarded the 1st prize of ‘Dayu Award’ ,the 2nd prize of ‘Dayu Award’ ,‘100 Talents’ of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Arthur Thomas Ippen Award.

Hucai Zhang

Prof. Zhang is the member of the ‘Talents Program’ of Chinese Academy of Sciences, working in the School of Tourism and Geographical Science of Yunnan Normal University, and majored in lake sediments and environment and climate change.

Xinping Chen

Prof. Zhou is a distinguished professor and doctoral supervisor of the College of Resource and Environment in Southwest University, and the member of the sixth, seventh and eighth Fertilizer Appraisal and Registration Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture and the eighth Academic Committee of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences.

David Hamilton

Formerly Professor, University of Waikato, currently Deputy Director, Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University. His research interests are in lake water quality modelling, cyanobacteria harmful algal blooms and sensors for measuring lake parameters.

Philippe Van Cappellen

Prof. Philippe Van Cappellen is a distinguished professor of   the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences in Waterloo University , Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada. Major research interest on Mineral-water interactions: surface chemistry of minerals, kinetics of mineral nucleation, growth and dissolution, biomineralization. And Water and elemental cycles, global change, sustainability: carbon and nutrient cycles, land-ocean transition, coastal ecosystems, groundwater-surface water interactions, urban environments, environmental health.

Erik Jeppesen

Professor at Institute of Bioscience and the Arctic centre at Aarhus University (AU). Major research interest on aquatic ecology with special emphasis on the biological structure and interac-tions with the nutrient dynamics and climate in lakes.

Catherine Moore

Senior groundwater modeller and Team Leader of Groundwater Modelling of GNS Science. Expertise in groundwater modeling including contaminants transport, groundwater-surface water interaction, integrated hydrological.

Deti Xie

Professor in Soil and Environmental Science,   in Southwest University, China. 149 papers and books have been published by his team. His team ranks the top three interms of external funding in Southwest University.

Lei Zhang

Associate Professor in Soil Science and Environmental Microbiology, Southwest University, China and, Director of The National Base of International Science and Technology Collaboration on Water Environmental Monitoring and Simulation in Three Gorges Reservoir Region. Dr. Zhang is specialized in monitoring the changing water quality during inter-watershed water diversion and developing the strategies to improve water quality of the source water.

Introduction of WEMST(WEMST 简介)

三峡水库建成后,其水体保护已经成为一个举世瞩目的问题,植被、土壤、水质、气候等科学问题亟待进行研究, 引进先进技术、管理模式迫在眉睫。重庆市在该领域与加拿大温莎大学开展合作,经过前期对接,双方达成共识成立了“中加三峡水域科学研究中心”,该中心成为国内唯一的致力于三峡库区生态研究和保护的机构。为推动合作的更加深入,搭建起三峡库区的水资源保护与世界水资源保护先进研究机构联系的桥梁,获得国际著名机构先进经验和教训,保护和利用好三峡库区水资源,本基地申报为国家级科技部国际科技合作示范型基地,作为长江干流上唯一的水资源国家级国合基地,将以开放的机制、建成联合研究团队,对三峡水域的水资源利用、水土保护等展开深入研究。



通过国合基地近年的研究表明库区水体长期处于营养盐过剩,是水文过程直接导致水华发生;系统地厘清了导致库区支流水华发生的重要原因是蓄水期的水体分层,该结论可用于预测水华发生的时间和地点。但目前由于手段的缺乏,还不能对整个三峡库区水质现状和富营养化风险进行定量的分析与评估。然而这是非常关键的,能帮助我们摸清三峡库区不同区域的流场和水质变化规律,找到生态潜在恶化的驱使原因,从而建立水质和生态恶化的预警系统,并为局部至整个区域的水环境净化研究和污染控制提供正确的指导方向。与此同时,水体富营养化、农业面源污染和陆地-水体一体化生态保护已经成为全球性的环境问题和研究热点。如北美五大湖中的埃里湖Lake Erie上世纪60-80年代曾是死湖一潭,情况甚于今天的太湖。经过社会各界数十年的努力,埃里湖于本世纪初重新成为世界重要渔场和周边城市饮用水源。但2010年起,埃里湖连年出现严重水华,以致湖边俄亥俄市20158月一周停止供应自来水。类似的情况在欧洲、澳洲等的大型河流、湖泊等水体愈益频繁出现,使得世界各国和著名水资源机构投入大量人力和物力进行研究和治理。

重庆市涪陵区南沱镇龙王沟小流域紧靠长江干流,主要种植作物为水稻、玉米、榨菜、柑橘,长期的良种高肥生产模式导致土壤退化及大量的化肥淋失,农业面源污染问题严重。监测基地建成后的小流域面源污染监测站不仅可以全天候不间断自动获取农田径流和壤中流水样,以全面监测地表和土壤中营养物质;而且,依据课题组设计的施肥方案,在肥料滴灌系统和自动泵的配合下,还可以完成农田滴灌的自动化和营养循环利用。面源污染远程自动监测站技术来源于加拿大农业部位于安大略省南部埃里湖边的“Greenhouse and Processing Crops Research Centre”(温室和农产品加工研究中心)。




Upon finishing construction, the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) has attracted worldwide attention. Many are astonishing for the sheer volume of conserved water and the elephantine dame body, but the truly imminent problem emerges: How can we protect the rich and diversified TGR ecosystem and local environment? It is a necessity to introduce innovated technologies and management ideas to explore and preserve the local plant species, soil property, water quality and stabilizing regional climate.

Chongqing Municipal and Windsor University take hands together to support the research of TGR protection, and The China-Canada Three Gorges Water Science Centre (CCTW) is found for that purpose. As the only institution purports at preserving the ecosystem of TGR, CCTW is now committed to bridging the research of hydrology conservation at TGR with other similar institution under a worldwide scope. CCTW belong to the International Science and Technology Cooperation Demonstration Base of National Science and Technology Cooperation of China, which is the only national water resources base in the Yangtze River mainstream, and the opening mechanism designation for joint research team will lay a concrete foundation for future research of water resources utilization and soil protection of TGR.

Aim and background:

TGR is one of the biggest man-made water bodies, the original hydrology and ecosystem were fundamentally changed since late 2019 when about 630 km of river channel was impounded with 40 billion cubic meters of water after the construction of Three Gorges Dam (TGD). The water quality and regional ecosystem are

overshadowed by the high-populated residential area, hilly terrain, slope farmland, and the vast alternated submerged zone. The unique water allocating management make no references for TGR and renders a challenge for the hydrology research scholars worldwide. Given the enormous environment change latitude and complexity of TGR, a comprehensive, cross-disciplinary and most of all, ecosystem-based research system is in great need to ensure the water quality conservation, ecological protection and sustainable development of TGR watershed. The water of TGR is eutrophic for a long time, according to a surveying of CCTW, and it is the hydrological incentives that lead to such a result. Furthermore, the stratified water layer during water storage period is an essential factor in the formation of water bloom in branches. A paucity of practical methods makes the quantifying and evaluation of water quality at TGR difficult. Equip with advanced technology derived from international corroboration, an early warning system can be established and the corresponding research can provide valuable references for the water purification and pollution control.

Eutrophication, non-point pollution, and land-water protection are global environmental issues. Lake Erie, one of the Great Lakes, was a “dead pool” in the 1970s. Through decades of efforts, Lake Erie finally became an important fishing farm and drinking resource at the beginning of this century. But a series water bloom appeared at 2010 and the polluted water leads to a water shortage in Ohio State. Similar cases can be found in the rivers/reservoirs of Europe and Australia, which require a great deal of human and monetary resources to mitigate or reverse the situation.

Longwanggou watershed, located in Nantuo Town, Fuling District, Chongqing, is close to the Yangtze River mainstream. The main crops are rice, corn, mustard and citrus. The long-term high fertilizer production mode leads to soil degradation and a large amount of chemical fertilizer leaching, and the agricultural non-point source pollution is very serious there. The monitoring station in the watershed can not only automatically acquire the samples of farmland surface runoff and interflow all day to monitor soil nutrients, but also complete the farmland dripping with the fertilizer drip irrigation system and the automatic pump according to the fertilization scheme designed by the research group. The Non-point Source Pollution Remote Automatic Monitoring Station technology originates from the Greenhouse and Processing Crops Research Centre, which is a Canadian agricultural site besides Lake Erie in southern Ontario.

WEMST purport at promoting international cooperation and breaking down the constrictions of discipline and nationality to foster the research of water conservation. A global scope is taken to assimilate the successful management system of huge water body protection and explore the TGR-suited water monitoring and conservation theory and practices. The research outputs can provide theoretical and practical references for similar watershed regarding water conservation’s worldwide affection.

Participating institutions:

University of Waterloo, University of Windsor, Yunnan University, Yunnan Normal University, Three Gorges University, The Ministry of Agriculture's Center for Greenhouse and Facility Agriculture, the Danish Institute of Water Resources, the New Zealand Institute of Geology and Nuclear Sciences, Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Ministry of Lands and Water Resources.

Propose programs:

Based on TGR water resources and maintaining the continuous international cooperation, exploring the purification and conservation technologies of the water body, and establishing an early warning system for water quality degradation. Promoting the WEMST as the base of water-land-ecosystem research and cultivating international reseracher of water resources management.